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They are also known as parallels since they are parallel and equidistant from each other. International date line (approx.) Different methods are used to determine geographic latitude, as by taking angle-sights on certain polar stars or by measuring with a sextant the angle of the noon Sun above the horizon. All the parallels south of the equator are known as south latitudes. What happens to Miss Gulch in Wizard of Oz? Imaginary lines that run east and west on a map. Equator . The distance between two lines are aprox 111 km and the area between two lines are called … In Hindi These lines are call Akshansh (अक्षांश). What are the lines called that go from east to west on a map? Parallels represent degrees of latitude, or how far a place is away from the equator. How long will the footprints on the moon last? Lines of latitude were established before longitude was. They are known as "parallels" of latitude, because they run parallel to the equator. Parallels. The lines of latitude are not all equal in length. Latitude Longitude ranges from 0° to 180° East and 0° to 180° West. Last updated Aug 22 2016. Everything north of the equator is known as the Northern Hemisphere and everything south of the equator is known as the Southern Hemisphere. horizontal . Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. Photograph by Lacey Jeffreys, My Shot. Hello Viewers, School Studies proudly presents a social science video for children. All the parallels north of the equator are called north latitudes. Only the lines of longitude are of equal length. These lines are parallel to the equator. Parallels. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? One degree of latitude equals about 69 miles. Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. Each line of longitude equals half of the circumference of the Earth because each extends from the North Pole to the South Pole. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator and form part of a grid used to describe where on the earth you are. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines drawn around the Earth from east to west.These lines are called parallels of latitude because they run parallel to each other. Anonymous . The figure to the right shows several parallels of latitude. what is a line of latitude? (The normal line is perpendicular to a tangent line touching Earth’s curvature at that point on the surface.) Latitude is an angle (defined below) which ranges from 0° at the Equator to 90° (North or South) at the poles. Latitudes specify the north-south position of a location on the globe. Planes parallel to the equatorial plane intersect the surface in circles of constant latitude; these are the parallels. Lines of Longitude intersect the equator at right angles but end at the North and the South Poles. The plane through the centre of the Earth and perpendicular to the rotation axis intersects the surface at a great circle called the Equator. Which Flemish cartographer invented a map on which parallels and meridians are rendered as straight lines spaced so as to produce at any point an accurate ratio of latitude to longitude? Define line of latitude. Lines of LATITUDE are... imaginary lines, the equator is the starting point for latitude points, lines NEVER intersect eachother, drawn around the earth, parallel to the equator, approximately 111 km apart, are used as political boundaries Lines of latitude are called parallels and in total there are 180 degrees of latitude. Zero degrees (0°) latitude is the equator, the widest circumference of the globe. Favourite answer. Latitude lines are known as horizontal lines. Click to see full answer Also, what are the two lines of latitude called? 30 seconds . The point in the grid where parallels and meridians intersect is called a coordinate. The Equator is the line of 0 degrees latitude. Straddling the Equator in Ecuador. The longitude specifies the location's distance east or west from an imaginary line connecting the North and South Poles, called the Prime Meridian. To find out how far east or west a place is, lines of longitude are used. The closest country to 0°, 0° is the African country of Ghana which lies about 614 km (382 mi) to the north of this confluence. answer choices . On the Earth, the distance between the middle (the Equator at 0° latitude) and the very ‘top’ (the North Pole at 90° latitude) is divided up into 90 lines called degrees of latitude, which are approximately 110 km apart. Lines or degrees of latitude are approximately 69 miles or 111 km apart, with variation due to the fact that the earth is not a perfect sphere but an oblate ellipsoid (slightly egg-shaped). This is called the Greenwich, or prime, meridian. Lines of longitude and latitude create a grid pattern on the globe for navigation. The north-south line that marks 0° longitude passes through Greenwich, England. Lines of latitude are all parallel to each other, thus they are often referred to as parallels. The Earth is split into 360 lines of longitude. The equator is the imaginary line that is as far away from the North Pole as it is from the South Pole. The five major lines of latitude, more commonly referred to as the five major circles of latitude, mark specific points on a globe or map of Earth. 0 1. horizontal . Peter D. 1 decade ago. 360. what is 0 degrees of longitude called? Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. The Equator having assigned ZERO DEGREE LATITUDE, divides the Earth into Two Equal Hemispheres, and all lines of the Latidutes upto the Poles keep equidistant from each other by a sepration in degrees. What are speculative grade bonds also known as? This is called the Greenwich, or prime, meridian. The longitude angle is measured from the center of the earth as shown in the earth graphic to the right. Lines of latitude are imaginary reference lines that describe how far north or south a location on the Earth is from the Equator. vertical . 30 seconds . Like lines of latitude, meridians are measured in degrees, minutes, and seconds. Latitude goes for 0° at the equator to +90° N at the North Pole or -90° S at the South Pole where the angle is also measured from the center of … A location's position along a circle of latitude is given by its longitude. Four of the most significant imaginary lines running across the surface of Earth are the equator, the Tropic of Cancer, the Tropic of Capricorn, and the Prime Meridian. parallels and meridians Result Parallels are imaginary lines that circle the Earth. Give reason A)lines of latitude are called parallels of latitude. They are used to define the East-West position of a location on the planet. 2) Can you explain what the International Date Line is? Lines of longitude aren’t completely straight (they run from the exact point of the north pole to the exact point of the south pole) so they are called meridians. Why is skeletal muscle also called striated muscle? Asked by armindasantana. The points of latitude and longitude are called coordinates, and can be used together to locate any point on Earth. These lines are also called meridians. Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run parallel to the equator and form part of a grid used to describe where on the earth you are.
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